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CGC1D Geography of Canada

Week of Oct. 23-27

Tue:  The .kmz file of the Reformer in Google Earth is due tomorrow.  Read page 82-85.  Answer questions page 84#1-3 and p.85#1-3.  We wrote these notes:

Chapter 4: Rethinking How We View and Use Natural Resources

14)       What are natural resources? (p.83) things found in the total stock, which is all parts of the natural environment that people can use;


15)       What are 4 types of resources?

a)   renewable: e.g. soil, forests, fish (use 'sustainable'), game

b)  non-renewable:  e.g. minerals, fossil fuels (gas, oil, and coal)

c)   flow: wind, water, sunlight

d)  other: natural feature for tourism/scenery, mountains, brains

Wed:  take up the questions on p.77#2-6; one answer sheet for both classes is attached; at times I check their work but no need to do that today;  Read p.86, 87, 90, and 91 as a class.  Students carefully consider their answer for p.91#1-4 in pairs. One answer sheet per person. When done, while working in pairs, read p.92 and 93 quietly and do p.93#1-3.  Start watching the following movie on YouTube. Tell students to focus on the 3Rs and ask themselves: are these the best way to recycle aluminum or are there better ways? 

The Aluminum Beverage Can Recycling Movie (19 min.) also known as  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LXQc08D1lPk&t=658s

Assign the questions on p. 91 and 93 for homework. Thank you. 


Week of Oct. 16-20

Mon:  complete climate assignment, including the 2 climate graphs; Do soil assignment p. 69#1-6a
Tue: read p. 72-76 in textbook; learn about different vegetation types
Wed: I showed a Google Earth Tour I made, showing some different options and ideas. We did a Tree Quiz. We saw a video of a tree expert of sorts. We started doing question 1 from p.77 but then the bell went.
The morning class will have the lab on Fri. The afternoon class will have it this Thursday.

Week of Sept. 25-29

Mon. Sept. 25 - Difference between Uniformitarianism and Catastrophism in Geology
Tue. Sept. 26 - Mount St. Helens; 00:00 - 24:45 watch this:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0f4URsDWy0&t=1487s  and answer salmon sheet (6 questions).

Week of Sept. 18-22

Mon. Sept. 18
Tue.  Sept. 19  - Notes 11, 12 about Mountains and Plate Tectonics; read p. 35-39 with discretion
Wed. Sept. 20 - Green paper "Great Geography Atlas Challenge"; Longitude and Latitide and time zones handout (4 pages) 
Thu.  Sept. 21 - Geolab 2 and 3.
Fri.   Sept. 22 - Take up work and continue with handouts and geolabs;

CGC1D - Introduction to Geography

1)   Three main questions:

a)     What’s where?

b)    Why there?

c)    Why care? (what’s the big deal; the significance)


2)    Four Main Geographic Concepts:

a)     Patterns & Trends – can help understand reasons

b)   Interrelationships – connections to other things

c)    Geographic perspective – seeing things from others’ point of view.

d)   Spatial Significance – why is location important?


3)    Geotechnology

a)     GPS (Global Positioning System) can tell you exactly where you are (blue dot on map)

b)   GIS (Geographic Information System) is a map with a lot of information embedded into it in layers

c)    remote sensing: making an image of earth using satellites; used to track hurricanes or floods for instance

d)   telematics: long-distance transmission of digital information (M2M)


4)    Population density is calculated by dividing population by land area. (e.g. Canada's pop. = 36,591,364;  divide that by land area = 10,000,000 km2 which gives about 3.6 ppl/km2) For comparison Netherlands has about 413 ppl/km2.


5)    Why is Canada's pop.density so low?

a)    much of Canada is too cold

b)   or too rocky (no soil)

c)    limits on immigration by gvt.

d)   historically young country


6)    Where do most ppl live in Canada?

a)    Southern Ontario and Quebec

b)   Southern prairie provinces

c)    Southern West Coast

d)   Southern East Coast


7)    80% of Canadians live in urban areas (city or town) rather than rural areas (hinterland). A large part of them live in CMAs (Census Metropolitan Areas), large cities that swallow up other cities/towns (CMAs are over 100,000 ppl)


8)    Ecumene – part of country where ppl. live

a)     continuous – few gaps for parks, greenbelt, farmland

b)   discontinuous – larger gaps


9)    Why ppl. abandon towns/cities

a)    invasion/war

b)   government decision (to close military base)

c)    resource disappears (forests are cut and sawmill closes)

d)   resource prices crash

e)    nuclear disaster (Chernobyl)


10)                 Rural Settlement Patterns (p.28)

a)    kinds:

i)         dispersed/ scattered

ii)       concentrated

iii)     linear

b)   are determined by these factors:

i)         nature of the resource (fish, land, minerals)

ii)       transportation methods (road, river)

iii)     role of government


Chapter 2 - Landforms, Geology, and Human Activities


11)                 Population patterns are affected by mountains. Why?

a)    no soil for crops

b)   earthquakes/avalanches

c)    hard to build houses, roads, soccer field

d)   little oxygen at high elevations

e)    volcanic eruptions

f)      cold temperatures/ snow / ice


12)                 Plate tectonics:  the movement of plates that are part of the earth's crust.   There are 7 major plates, 8 secondary plates, and 60 minor ones. These plates bump against each other or move away from each other, or slide past each other at the boundaries.

a)   move away --> divergent boundary where the gap in the middle is filled with magma (e.g. Atlantic mid-ocean ridge) p.37

b)  move closer together --> convergent boundary where 

i)     seafloor slides under continent, which is called subduction.   p.37

ii)   two continents 'bump' into each other, forming mountains;  both are sources of earthquakes and volcanoes. (p.38)

c)   sliding past each other: transform boundary (p.39)